Asteroid mining – a revolutionary field

 

The population is growing rapidly and scientists are looking for ways to eliminate scarcity. The interesting part is that their research might expand beyond the Earth borders since we have a goldmine out there in the Universe, waiting for us to take advantage of.

You are probably aware of the fact that we are not alone in this big oasis called Cosmos. As Earth orbits around the Sun, a couple of thousand of asteroids pass by. Known as Near Earth Objects or NEO, they are a potential treasure because of the resources contained within them. Therefore, some groups of entrepreneurs are tempted to consider the alternative of asteroid mining, a process that mind boosts the economy and make some people quite rich.

If you’re a tad skeptical about this type of activity, you should know you’re not the only one. Because the outer space is so unfamiliar and so far away, people can’t believe that asteroids are the future oil fields of space.

 

 

When I first heard of this concept I wasn’t sure about their efforts of trying to get water and other types of resources from these asteroids. I mean, we have everything we need here on Earth. Apparently, I misjudged the situation because trying to get 1 gallon of water to the International Space Station costs more than 20,000$. Therefore, it’s understandable why we need to get the resources straight from the area we intend to make colonies for the human beings.

Basically, the asteroid mining process consists of repeating the world history, only in a completely new environment. Due to the natural resources, people were able to expand their frontiers and conquer new territories. For instance, when Europeans first came to North America and settled, the only way they could have survived was because of the reserves found in this land. By doing so, they created one of the most powerful economies in the world.

There’s one obstacle, though. According to the law, no country can own the moon, asteroids or any parts related to space, no matter how many flags astronauts put there. However, certain companies have come up with strategies that include sending small satellites into space that can prospect that area for ice and minerals.

 

 

Even though we have plenty of nickel and iron, trying to send them into space it’s too pricey. If we use asteroid mining, these metals can be processed directly while in orbit and used for several purposes, such as building special equipment or spacecrafts. From there on, we could even extract valuable minerals found in the aforementioned asteroids at a lower cost.  This way, it might be worth it trying to bring them back to Earth and support the economies with the assets located in the outer space.

 

 

New habitable planets found by NASA

 

Space agency NASA has discovered more potential candidates for habitable planets outside of our own galaxy. Scientists manning the Kepler Space Telescope have identified 219 new habitable zone candidates. The good news gets even better with the scientists’ declaration that 10 of those are about the size of our own Earth and are in the life-supportive area of their solar systems.

This is just one of those instances when the well-lauded Kepler Space Telescope has been able to deliver information about exoplanets, or basically zones that can support life. NASA leverages the ability of the space scope to use the blinking and dimming of distant alien stars to identify planets orbiting around those stars.

 

 

The latest 10 Earth-size discoveries are the right distance from their host star, which means they are neither too cold or too hot and can, therefore, hold liquid water. The ability of a planet to hold water is key to it being able to sustain life. The discovery, however, sadly constitutes the near-end of the massive exoplanet search by Kepler.

Despite the fact that the Kepler Space Telescope is still in space searching for new planets, and will most likely go on for around one more year, its primary mission ended in an untimely manner when the instrument malfunctioned in 2013. Two of the four wheels geared to keep the scope pointed at one spot on the sky broke.

The engineers at NASA did not give up on the instrument completely. Instead, they found a way to use the sun as a backup reaction wheel. The solar panels on Kepler were then utilized to keep the craft in place while being pressed on by the physical force of light and with the unbroken wheels pushing back for balance. This provided the second chance that Kepler needed, which in turn opened up a new mission called K2.

 

 

On its own, K2 has been able to discover a number of exoplanets despite the mission being a bit different.

During the first mission, the space telescope stared at a single patch of sky to identify any signs of planetary activity around 150,000 stars in the Earth’s own cosmos. On the other hand, K2 is a slave to the position of the sun, so it can’t simply be pointed to any spot the scientists choose it to.

This means the scientists have to choose a target that supports the need to fill the deficiency presented by the broken wheels, at just the right spot for the sun to provide the required assistance and hopefully, with stars worth observing.

Right now, the observation team only has less than a hundred days, or 80 days to be exact, before the telescope has to move once more. While K2 has spotted new planets and still continues doing so, the richness of data originally provided by the first mission is severely lacking in the second.

That said, NASA brings the good news that the entire collection of data from the original Kepler mission has been subjected to multiple analysis to make the information good enough for drawing statistical conclusions. There are now 4,034 potential planetary candidates, 50 of them verified to be Earth-size and located in their star’s habitable zone including the just-announced 10.

Thirty of those fifty have been verified. We can anticipate additional exoplanet announcements based on the data reanalysis but most likely no longer from the mission itself.

What’s a light meter and what can you use it for?

 

Sometimes, I go online and look for all sorts of gadgets and devices. I came across a website that helped me through and through, especially when I bought a microscope for a niece. I needed something easy to work with, but I wasn’t willing to pay good money for a toy. As I like to learn more things every day, I started to investigate a bit further and find out more about lab equipment and other gear typically destined for scientific applications.

That’s how I came across about the best light meter. At first, I had no idea what these devices were or what they measured, even though the terminology is rather obvious in my opinion. It goes without saying that they have to measure out the light. The fact is that there are several variations on the same topic. Light meters are most used in photography. The one taking the pictures places the device in front of the subject so that the meter displays a letter that can be used as an indicative of the aperture and exposure.

Another variable pertaining to light meters is their design. Some are made to be handheld, and in my opinion, this type is the one that makes more sense than any alternatives that are anything but portable. Of course, there’s an endless debate as to whether or not a more compact design might interfere with the performance of the device. From what I have gathered, however, it looks that most models are capable of providing superior reliability, which is to say that they will be able to measure light and tell you the right settings you need to use depending on your ISO.

If you’re interested in studying photography or maybe you’re already doing so, you might want to do a bit of research before deciding on a certain model. What I mean by this is that there are a plethora of devices you can select from, and it’s a truth universally acknowledged that not all options could offer you the same value. From my perspective, those that are made both for photography and for filmmaking are by far the most versatile ones.

Also, you need to ensure that you risk getting a light meter for nothing. Believe it or not, there are mobile apps that you can utilize nowadays to make the most of your smartphone. There’s the Pocket Light Meter app that can be bought for a reasonable cost, and all it does is rely on the sensors of the camera on your cell phone. As with traditional light meters, you need to set the ISO beforehand so that the application is capable of doing its job properly.