Anthropology is the field which studies what makes us human. Anthropologists consider the past through one of its branches called archaeology, to learn how human collectivities lived hundreds or thousands of years ago, what made them different and what was important to them.
These dedicated people consider everything, from our biological bodies and genetics, to our health and customs. Anthropologists also compare humanoids with other animals, to see what we have in common with those relatives and what makes our mammalian species unique.
These guys also try to learn how people interact in social groups, and how those same relationships develop over time. They study the ways in which people dress and communicate in different civilizations. Then they use these comparisons to understand their societies and how they worked.
The end purpose of this whole thing is to give context to those traits that define our existence and to create a timeline for our convoluted history. It is not an easy task, but it is fundamental if we want to stay away from mistakes that could result in the end of civilization.
This is one of the first branches of the field. Biological anthropologists seek to comprehend how our ancestors and modern humans adapt to different environments, what leads to diseases and early death, and how our quirky species evolved from other animals.
To do so, they study humans and human fossils, and other primates such as apes. They are also invested in how biology and culture combine to shape our fleeting lives. Through this work, biological anthropologists reveal that we are more similar to each other than we are different.
These anthropologists explore how people in different parts of the world live and understand the environment around them. They want to discover what people think is vital to their existence and the social rules they create for interpersonal interaction.
As wars have proven, even today countries still disagree about how sexes should speak, dress, treat others or have intimate relationships. Anthropologists want to have an unbiased opinion and to listen to all voices, so they can understand how societies vary.
Perhaps the most underrated experts, linguistic anthropologists analyze the many ways in which people from different backgrounds communicate across the globe. The ones who practice it are interested in how language evolved and how it is linked to the ways we perceive the world and how we relate to one another.
For linguistic anthropologists, communication and language are keys to the intricate mechanisms we use to build societies and cultures. These fields are not separate entities and they work together to bring accurate data to the public. There’s not one that is more important than the other, as all have their specific purpose and place in the scientific community. One thing is for sure: without anthropology, we would know nothing of who we are and how we came to create such complex societies.